in Cultural Theory and Popular Culture: A Reader
The carnival does not differentiate the spectator from the performer.
All people who take part in the carnival 'live it' but it is not an extension of the 'real world' or 'real life' but rather 'the world standing on its head'.
A carnivalistic sense of the world:
- Free and familiar interaction between people
- Eccentric behaviour (behaviour that was otherwise unacceptable is legitimate in carnival)
- Carnivalistic misalliances
Review summarised from: http://culturalstudiesnow.blogspot.co.uk/2011/07/mikhail-bakhtin-carnival-and.html
The Carnivalesque in Children’s Literature
Pippi Longstocking - the ultimate carnivalesque character?
Books which are 'endemically subversive of such things as social authority, received paradigms of behaviour and morality'